In 1993 RoboCup (a football league with autonomous soccer playing robots) was established. Rules were drawn up for the size of the field and for appropriate and inappropriate behavior of the robots. Several teams registered to participate in the competition. In the beginning, the participating robots were relatively simple and the rules and qualifications were not too strict. But the teams and the robots improved and became more sophisticated, so the rules and qualifications became stricter. By setting the bar for qualification the development was ensured. At the RoboCup World Championship a large number of teams fight each other every year. So far the following cities hosted a World Championship: Nagoya (1997) Paris (1998), Stockholm (1999) Melbourne (2000), Seattle (2001), Fukuoka / Busan (2002), Padova (2003), Lisboa (2004), Osaka (2005), Bremen (2006), Atlanta (2007), Suzhou (2008), Graz (2009), Singapore (2010), Istanbul (2011) and Mexico-city (2012).
Since 2000 the Netherlands is more involved in the robot soccer. The first team 'Clockworks Orange' consisted of a composed team from several universities (University of Utrecht, University of Amsterdam, The Free University and TU Delft).
Tech United Eindhoven
In 2005, Clockworks Orange decided to quit, TU Eindhoven and in the TU Delft established together a new team: 'Tech United' was born. The goal was to qualify this brand new team as quickly as possible for the competition. With the qualification requirements in mind Tech United began to build a robot. In 2006 this team has participated in the Dutch Open Championships Roboludens. After Roboludens Delft retreated, where TU/e decided to keep the Middle Size Robot Soccer and the team decided to continue supporting. 'Tech United' became 'Tech United Eindhoven' and thanks to the knowledge gained in Roboludens the development of the team gained momentum. The robot builders from Eindhoven managed to qualify for the World Championships in Bremen, and since 2007 Tech United Eindhoven belongs to the top of the robot soccer. The Middle Size League tournament in Germany (German Open) has been won several times by Tech United Eindhoven. Also in the World Championship Tech United is a famous name, during the last four tournaments Tech United reached the final. Click here for a summary of all results.
Tech United expands
In december 2011 a new robot has been added to Tech United: 'Amigo', the care robot. The intention is that Amigo will be a useful assistant to nurses, which enables elderly people to remain independent for a longer time. With his wheels, he can easily move through the house, and with his arms, he performs human tasks, like opening cupboards and grasping objects. Amigo participates in the RoboCup@Home where he completes challenges like recognizing different products in a supermarket. In April 2011 Amico participated for the first time at the European Championships in Magdeburg. Also in 2011 he joined the World Championships in Istanbul.
At the faculty of mechanical engineering, another robot was developed, the 'Tulip'. This robot is part of the national Dutch Robotics initiative. This team is born from the collaboration between the 3 TUs. Unfortunately, the TU/e was not satisfied with this cooperation. In December 2012 TU/e decided to continue on its own. It became a part of United Tech. The Tulip is a humanoid robot, a robot that can walk on two legs. These robots will participate in the RoboCup competitions, in the league Humaniod adult size.